Émissions Amandla du 20 et du 27 juin 2007/ Amandla shows from June 20th and 27th 2007

Voici les thèmes qui ont été abordés pendant les émissions Amandla du 20 et 27 juin dernier sur les ondes de CKUT 90.3FM (Montréal). Vous pouvez les télécharger ici (lien valide pour deux mois seulement).

Le 27 juin

Entrevue avec Béatrice Umutesi présentant son livre: “Fuir ou mourir au Zaïre. Le vécu d’une réfugiée rwandaise” – en français. Mme Umutesi est une ancienne réfugiée originaire du Rwanda qui s’enfuit au Zaïre suite au génocide rwandais. Elle travaillait comme coordonnatrice d’ONG avant de fuir au Zaïre. Elle découvre que le Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR), mouvement de libération qui est aujourd’hui au pouvoir au Rwanda, aurait aussi perpétré des massacres contre les hutus pendant le génocide. La situation rwandaise a donc été plus confuse que ce qu’a bien voulu présenter la presse internationale. Paradoxalement, c’est le FPR que Mme Umutesi dut fuir. Elle quitte pour le Zaïre. Mais la guerre la rejoint avec des soldats du Rwanda qui traversent la frontière pour attaquer les camps de réfugiés. Mme Umutesi dut encore fuir marchant 2000 km dans la jungle congolaise pour trouver la paix.

Décès de Ousmane Sembène – en français et anglais. Icône du cinéma africain, né en Casamance (Sénégal). Revue de sa carrière et de sa vie. Il a écrit 5 romans, 5 recueils nouvelles et 14 films.

Les États-Unis cherchent une base pour l’AFRICOM – en anglais. Tel que présenté dans le blog, les pays d’Afrique du Nord refusent d’héberger l’AFRICOM sur leur territoire.

 

L’Union Européenne négocie une entente de libre-échange avec la CEDEAO (Communauté économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest) – en anglais. Une telle entente lierait l’une des plus riches régions du monde avec l’une des plus pauvre. Les négociations ne se font donc surement pas sur une base “d’égal à égal”. L’Europe pourrait avoir un accès total au marché de la CEDEAO.

Comment le monde arabe ignore le Darfour – en anglais. Analyse d’un article paru dans le New Internationalist, intitulé “Salaam Darfur”, et qui critique le silence et même le déni du monde arabe devant les événements du Darfur. Cet article a été écrit par deux activiste arabes: Moataz El Fegiery et Ridwan Ziyada.

 

Le 20 juin

 

Émission entièrement en anglais.

Commentaires sur les discussions entre le Front Polisario et le Maroc sous les auspices des Nations Unies – en anglais. Les discussions se sont faites sous les regards d’observateurs Algériens et Mauritaniens. Elles se sont tenues à la suite d’une résolution de l’ONU datant d’avril 2007. Jusqu’à maintenant, rien n’a bougé, si ce n’est la décision de continuer les discussions en août 2007. Pendant ce temps, une génération de réfugiés vit toujours en Algérie, et beaucoup d’entre eux n’ont jamais vu le Sahara Occidental.

Découverte du pétrole au Ghana – en anglais. Le Ghana espère exploiter son pétrole sans tomber dans le piège de la mauvaise gestion de la ressource.

SIDA et développement en Afrique – en anglais. SIDA et développement ont mauvaise presse en Afrique. Le SIDA n’est pas qu’un enjeu de santé publique, il bloque le développement économique. Même dans un pays riche comme le Botswana, il peut faire des ravages.

Grèves générales en Afrique du Sud – en anglais. L’Afrique Du Sud entre dans sa 18ème-19ème journée de grève générale alors que les syndicats et le gouvernement n’arrivent pas à s’entendre. Des reportages provenant du terrain sont présentés.

Here are the subjects that were addressed in the June 20th and 27th Amandla radio shows on CKUT 90.3 FM (Montreal). You can download the shows here (link valid for two months only).

June 27th

United States try to find an african base for AFRICOM – in english. Countries from Northern Africa don’t want the opening of the base. The subject was addressed in a previous post.

European Union wants to build a free trade deal with ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) – in english. This agreement could link one of the wealthiest zone of the world with the poorest countries of the world. This deal might not be negotiated in equal terms. Europe could have total access to the ECOWAS countries…

Death of Ousmane Sembène – in english and french. Born in Casamance (Senegal), he was the first african film director to have an international recognition. Review of his career and his life. He wrote 5 novels, 5 short story book, and 14 films. He died on June 10th 2007.

How the arab world ignores Darfur – in english. Analysis of an article from the New Internationalist (“Salaam darfur”) who criticizes the heavy silence and denial from the Arab world regarding the events occuring in Darfur. It was written by two arabic human rights activists: Moataz El Fegiery and Ridwan Ziyada.

Interview with Béatrice Umutesi author of the book: “Fuir ou mourir au Zaïre. Le vécu d’une réfugiée rwandaise” – in french. Mrs Umutesi is a former Rwandan refugee who fled the genocide and went to Zaïre (today called Democratic Republic of Congo). She worked for an NGO before fleeing to Zaïre. She discovered that the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR), the liberation movement in Rwanda who’s now in power, also perpetrated mass murders against the Hutus during the genocide. The situation in Rwanda was therefore more complex than what the international medias depicted. Oddly enough, it’s the FPR Mrs Umutesi had to run from. She fled to Zaïre. But the war caught on her with Rwandan troops crossing the border and attacking refugee camps. She had to run into the jungle and walk 2000 km to find a safe place!

June 20th

Show entirely in english.

Comments on the talks between the Polisario and Morocco under United Nations’ auspices – in english. Talks were held between Morocco and Polisario front with observers from Algeria and Mauritania. They were held following a resolution from April 2007. So far, they lead to nothing concrete and they will continue in August 2007. Meanwhile, a generation of refugees still live in Algeria and most of them were born there and have never seen Western Sahara.

Oil found in Ghana – in english. Ghana hopes to exploit its oil without falling into mismanagement.

AIDS and development in Africa – in english. AIDS and development are treated negatively in Africa. AIDS isn’t just a health issue; it hinders economic development and social capabilities. Even in a rich african country like Botswana, it can be a really serious problem.

General strikes in South Africa – english. South Africa enters its 18-19th day of general strike as the unions and the government can’t find an agreement. Reports from the field are presented.

Émission Amandla du 13 juin 2007/ Amandla show from June 13th 2007

Voici les thèmes qui ont été abordés pendant l’émission Amandla du 13 juin dernier sur les ondes de CKUT 90.3FM (Montréal). Vous pouvez la télécharger ici (lien valide pour deux mois seulement).

Analyse des enjeux entourant l’entente entre le Soudan et les Nations Unies sur l’envoi d’une force d’interposition mixte des Nations-Unies et de l’Union Africaine – en français. Enjeux qui impliquent des intérêts américains instrumentalisant les ONG. Une dynamique géopolitique régionale place le Soudan au centre des préoccupations de ses voisins, notamment l’Éthiopie, mais aussi le monde arabe, en particulier, les pays du Golfe persique qui ont des intérêts économique visant le pétrole, mais aussi les ressources agricoles.

Projet minier impliquant de l’uranium au Malawi – en anglais. Commentaires sur un projet minier mené par l’entreprise Paladin au Nord du Malawi. Le sujet a été abordé ici, mais des éléments nouveaux sont dévoilés dans l’émission.

Présentation de l’artiste afro-péruvienne, Oru, dont le vrai nom est Monica Carillo – en anglais. Artiste que notre collaborateur Roberto a rencontré au Pérou. Vous pouvez entendre des extraits de sa musique pendant l’émission. Elle est aussi une activiste qui s’implique dans la communauté afro-américaine en amérique latine, notamment, les enfants. Elle est extrêmement critique envers les péruviens qui sont racistes envers les afro-péruviens. On peut aussi voir sa video ici.

Here are the subjects that were addressed in the June 13th Amandla radio show on CKUT 90.3 FM (Montreal). You can download the show here (link valid for two months only).

 

Analysis of the issues related to the dispatch of a mixed military force of United Nations and African Union troops – in french. The stakes involves American interests and the exploiting of NGOs. Regional and geopolitical dynamics put Sudan in the center of its neighbours’ concerns notably Ethiopia, but also the Arab countries, in particular the ones from the Persian gulf, who have economic interests in Sudan’s oil and agricultural resources.

Uranium mining in Malawi – in english. Comments on a uranium project by Paladin in Malawi. It was commented here, but new elements are explained in the show.

Presentation of the Afro-peruvian artist called Oru, real name Monica Carillo – in english. An afro-african artist in Peru met by our collaborator Roberto. You can here her music during the show. She is also an activist involved in the afro-american community in South America, especially children. She strongly criticized how Peruvian reacts and show racism toward other Peruvians of African descent. You can see a video of Monica Carillo here.

Humanitarian Crisis in Ciudad Bolivar, Colombia

HUMANITARIAN CRISIS IN CIUDAD BOLIVAR

 

150,000 Citizens Threatened in Armed Conflict

by David Parker

 Bogotá, Colombia 45 neighbourhoods in Ciudad Bolivar, a municipal district of Bogotá, are the site of a conflict between guerrillas, paramilitary groups, street gangs and the Army.  Since January there have been 94 homicides in the area, including 13 last month.  Victims were mostly youth, 19 to 27 years old, targeted as either paramilitary informants, guerrillas, drug dealers or gang leaders.  At stake is political and economic power in the region which has provided strategic access to the capital for the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), a guerrilla group.  For 2 decades they have used the area to smuggle firearms and provisions from Bogotá’s economic centre to the outlying areas of the Sumapaz region and the departments of Tolima, Huila and Cundinamarca.  Since October 2003, the paramilitary squadron known as Frente Capital del Bloque Centauros of United Self-Defense Colombia (AUC) have been in the region, confronting the presence of FARC Bolivarian Militias with deadly consequences.  Currently there are 8 paramilitary death squads in the neighbourhoods.            

The Citizens Defense (Defensoría del Pueblo), a governmental human rights observer, has released a document under the Early Warning System calling for immediate action from municipal, district and national levels of government, for the creation of preventive measures to neutralize the high risks faced by the civilian population.  According to the report, threats, intraurban displacement, selective and collective homicide, forced recruitment, coercion of political candidates and extortion of business and industry has 150,000 citizens in a state of fear and entrapment.  The area at risk includes the sectors Altos de Cazucá in the municipality of Soacha and 45 of the 252 neighbourhoods in the adjacent district of Ciudad Bolivar, located at the southeastern periphery of Bogotá.  The document signals a particular risk for afrodescendents in two of the neighbourhoods.   Many families in the area have been forcibly displaced from their homes in other parts of the country due to violence from armed forces. 

The majority of displaced peoples who move to Bogotá move to places where they have the least chances of being welcome, including Ciudad Bolivar, where they face poverty, solitude and fear.  According to the Citizens Defense report, there is a lack of information on forced displacement in Bogotá due to the silence and anonimity of affected persons for fear of becoming a target of armed actors.  Ciudad Bolivar has the highest rate of poverty in Bogotá, at 26%, affecting 150,000 people.             

Assassinations have occurred in neighbourhoods such as Caracolí, El Paraíso, Potosí and Sierra Morena.  Normally the homicides are committed by groups of 3 or 4, and victims are alleged drug dealers or gang leaders.  Assassins, dressed all in black, hunt their victims with a list of names in hand.  It has been a typical tactic of paramilitary groups nationwide to employ selective and collective homicide against social and political leaders.  The paramilitary groups in Ciudad Bolivar are groups that have sprung up since the demobilization of the AUC.  The 8 paramilitary groups in the region, including the Aguilas Negras, have adapted their methods to President Alvaró Uribe Velez´s policy of ‘Democratic Security’, which in fact has worsened the human rights situation.  Their tactics are: manipulating and backing delinquent gangs, threatening social leaders, declaring common criminals to be military objectives, controlling drug trafficking through money washing and legitimization, controlling storerooms for firearms and drugs and garages to handle stolen cars.  The paramilitary squads have been getting more powerful, as evidenced by the increased quotas of illegal ´security tax´ forced on businesses and public transportation, and the extortion of large industry.  Forced recruitment by the AUC is a problem in all sectors of the city.            

Other armed actors in the area are FARC militia and common criminals.  FARC guerrillas have had similar tactics in the conflict; attacks and attempted assassinations, threats and abuse, especially against suspected paramilitary informants.  Both the FARC and AUC have coerced local electoral candidates, coopted local gangs and paid them to do their dirty work.  The paramilitary objective in Ciudad Bolivar has been to eliminate the gangs linked to FARC in order to quell any illegal activity that might put into queston their authority.  The response from FARC has been similar tactics in the zones under their control.            

The paramilitaries have circulated a pamphlet saying, “if you don´t put your children to sleep by 8 pm, we will put them to sleep at 9 pm.”  One community leader had to leave the ‘La Union’ neighbourhood because his family received a death threat on their front door giving them 24 hours to leave the neighbourhood.  Visitors can only visit within certain hours and with the help of a local, and people stay inside their houses after 6 pm. 

Despite the massive repression and poverty in Ciudad Bolivar, there are at least 40 social organizations in the district, managing 1000 projects in education, nutrition, health, and elderly care.  Projects receive fundng from the European Union, UNICEF, United Nations, United States and ACNUR.  Youth in the area are organized, and the youth network of Peace Fighters Corporation (Colpaz) counts 12,000 members.  Petitioning with the help of the Citizens Defense Network of Supporters, last year they developed their own declaration of human rights, in which besides the rights to life, health and education, they emphasized a right with particular significance in Ciudad Bolivar:  the right to be heard.            

Ciudad Bolivar is but one of the many ongoing conflict zones in Colombia, including communities in the departments of Nariño, Putumayo, Chocó and Valle de Cauca, while paramilitary and guerrilla forces both have distinct strongholds in various regions of the country. The conflict between guerrillas and state-backed military and paramilitary forces has been around since the creation of guerrilla forces in the 1960’s, while State-sanctioned violence and civil war has been a part Colombia’s history for over 60 years  

PETITIONS  Source: Citizens Defense 

To the President of the Nation, Señor Álvaro Uribe Vélez: Consult and follow through on preventive measures by the national, district and local authorities. 

To the Vice-President, Señor Francisco Santos Calderón: Installation of a regional Humanitarian Table for the application of International Human Rights. 

To the Ministry of the Interior and Justice: Design, propose and implement protective measures for community leaders. 

To Territorial Affairs:    To support and observe the conservatoin of public order and give instruction to the military forces to act in the zone. 

To the Metropolitan Police of Bogotá: Adopt measures to save and protect the Rights of the population in order to create accessible public spaces. 

To the Municipalities of Bogotá and Soacha: Continue to strenghten the activity of local committees.    

 Sources for the article: 

Conflicto en Ciudad Bolivar, Redaccion Bogotá.  El Espectador, Saturday June 9th, 2007.

http://www.elespectador.com/elespectador/Secciones/Detalles.aspx?idNoticia=10749&idSeccion=24 http://www.elespectador.com El Riesgo de Ser Joven en Ciudad Bolivar, Revisto Población Civil, Nº 2.  Defensoría del Pueblo.http://www.defensoria.org.co/red/anexos/pdf/03/pc/ciudad_bolivar.pdfhttp://www.defensoria.org.co/red/?_item=030402&_secc=03&ts=1

Émission Amandla du 6 juin 2007/ Amandla show from June 6th 2007

Voici les thèmes qui ont été abordés pendant l’émission Amandla du 6 juin dernier sur les ondes de CKUT 90.3FM (Montréal). Vous pouvez la télécharger ici (lien valide pour deux mois seulement).

Spécial en français/ Special in french.

Sommet Altermondialiste de Sikasso, au Mali – Ce Forum des Peuples s’est tenu en parallèle avec celui du G8 en Allemagne. Les problèmes du continent africain sont souvent abordés en tant que sujets lors des sommets du G8 (ex.: Kananaskis, Gleneagles…). Mais l’Afrique décrie l’inaction qui suit les promesses faites à ces différents sommets. Les altermondialistes qui ont assistés au sommet de Sikasso proposent la création d’une Banque Mondiale du Sud qui ferait contrepoids à la Banque Mondiale actuelle; une “banque des pauvres” selon Barry Aminata Touré qui serait une alternative à la “Banque des riches” qui devrait être dissoute.

Présentation et analyse de l’ouvrage de Xavier Harel: Afrique, pillage à huis clos : Comment une poignée d’initiés siphonne le pétrole africain – Harel est un journaliste spécialisé dans les questions pétrolières. Selon lui, 1000 milliards de pétrodollars pourraient s’abattre sur le continent, d’ici 2015, mais pour ensuite se réfugier dans des paradis fiscaux provoquant la pauvreté sur le continent. Détournements de fonds et dépenses titanesques des dirigeants d’États pétroliers africains sont de mise… Avec une complicité de l’Occident incluant États, institutions internationales et mafias!

 

La ville de Tombouctou (Mali) candidate pour devenir comme une des sept merveilles du monde moderne – La New7Wonder Foundation, organise la sélection de sept merveilles du monde et un vote se tient jusqu’au  7 juillet 2007, pour les choisir. Des sept merveilles connues jusqu’à présent seules quelques unes existent encore aujourd’hui. C’est pourquoi, un concours de “Merveilles modernes” est organisé. Tombouctou est la seule candidate provenant du continent africain (mis à par les pyramides d’Égypte qui sont la première merveille du monde antique). Tombouctou a une architecture particulière et est un haut lieu de culture mondiale depuis le moyen-âge. Vous pouvez voter au: www.n7w.com.

Présentation du Site www.parolesdesclavage.com – Site créé par Serge Bilé qui pousse au travail de mémoire historiquepuisqu’il relate un sombre passé de l’histoire de l’Afrique, celui de l’esclavage. Selon Bilé: “J’ai crée ce site pour donner la parole aux « anciens » afin qu’ils disent l’esclavage tel que leurs grands parents et arrière-grands-parents l’ont directement vécu et eux-mêmes raconté à leurs enfants et petits-enfants d’alors, devenus aujourd’hui septuagénaires, octogénaires, nonagénaires et centenaires. Avec Daniel Sainte-Rose et sa caméra, nous avons sillonné la Martinique et recueilli ces témoignages uniques pour qu’ils servent à l’Histoire“.

Actualité du continent africain – Le Canada interdit Winnie Mandela d’entrer au Canada à cause de son casier judiciaire. – Pfizer, l’entreprise pharmaceutique, est accusé d’avoir utilisé des enfants comme cobayes.

 

Here are the subjects that were addressed in the May 23rd Amandla radio show on CKUT 90.3 FM (Montreal). You can download the show here (link valid for two months only).

 

Alternative summit of Sikasso, in Mali – This Forum des Peuples was held in parallel with the G8 summit un Germany. The problems of Africa are often the subjects of discussion during the several last G8 summits (ex.: Kananaskis, Gleneagles…). But Africa complains about the lack of actions following the promises done during those summits. The people who attended the Sikasso summit proposed the creation of a World Bank for the South that would counterbalance the actual World Bank. According to Barry Aminata Touré, such a “bank for the poor” would be an alternative for the “bank for the wealthy” that would be dissolved.

Presentation and analysis of the book: Afrique, pillage à huis clos : Comment une poignée d’initiés siphonne le pétrole africain written by Xavier Harel– Harel is a journalist specialized in the world oil economy. According to him, 1000 billions of petrodollars could “fall”on the continent from now to 2015. But this money will flee to fiscal paradises afterwards, creating poverty in Africa. Embezzlements and huge “shopping sprees” by corrupted head of African oil producing States is common place… With the complicity of the West including States, international organizations and mafias!

The town of Timbuktu (Mali) is a candidate for the New seven Wonders of the World contest – The New7Wonder Foundation organizes a contest where 7 new Wonders of the World will be selected through public vote which ends on July 7th 2007. From the 7 “old” Wonders that exists, only a few remains standing today. That’s why such a contest takes place. Timbuktu is the only candidate from Africa (of course the Pyramids in Egypt are the first Wonder of the world but it was selected during the Antiquity). Timbuktu has a special architecture and is an important cultural city of the world since the Middle ages. You can vote there: www.n7w.com.

 

Presentation of the Website www.parolesdesclavage.com – This site was created by Serge Bilé. It shows us the part of the African history which was the period of the slave trade.

Other news from the African continent – Canada blocks Winnie Mandela from entering in the country because of her criminal past. – Pfizer, the pharmaceutical company, is accused by the Nigerian governement of using children as guinea-pigs.

Coverage from the G8 Summit

This is a one hour show, streamed on http://www.radioforum.fm by the English speaking or Anglophone group, consisting of Sangita, from Sheffield Live, UK, Brenda from Bush Radio South Africa, Tetsuo from Japan, and Ram from VOICES, Bangalore India, representing AMARC Europe, Africa and Asia Pacific. The show is mainly about the protests which took place in Rostock on the eve of the 33rd G8 Summit, here in Heiligendamm, north east of Germany. It contains different perspectives on the events, talking about both the negatives and positives.

Listen to the Coverage: 48:07